Skip to the main content.
Talk to sales Start for free
Talk to sales Start for free

2 min read

The 6 areas of public health

The 6 areas of public health

Public health ensures the well-being of communities by addressing health disparities and promoting healthier lifestyles. It encompasses a diverse array of disciplines, each of which plays a role in safeguarding and enhancing the health of populations. The six areas of public health are epidemiology, biostatistics, environmental health, health policy and management, social and behavioral sciences, and occupational health.


What is public health?

Public health is protecting and improving health at the level of communities or populations through organized efforts and informed choices from specialists. Public health involves the collective actions taken to prevent disease, prolong life, promote health, and address health inequalities within societies. 



Epidemiology is considered the backbone of public health. It studies disease patterns, causes, and their impact on populations. Epidemiologists meticulously investigate the distribution of diseases, identify their determinants, and assess risk factors. Through data analysis and research, they uncover trends, outbreaks, and potential interventions to prevent and control diseases. This field's insights guide public health policies, vaccination programs, and strategies to curb the spread of illnesses.



Biostatistics harnesses statistical methods to interpret biological and health-related data. It facilitates the design of studies, the analysis of complex health data, and the interpretation of outcomes. Using statistical models, researchers can draw correlations, identify trends, and make informed decisions crucial to public health interventions. Biostatisticians collaborate with epidemiologists and other specialists to ensure the accuracy and reliability of health studies and findings.


Environmental health

Environmental health focuses on the intricate relationship between the environment and human health. It examines various environmental factors—air and water quality, sanitation, food safety, and occupational hazards—and their impact on the well-being of the human population. Experts in this field work to prevent diseases by mitigating environmental risks, advocating for cleaner environments, and implementing policies to safeguard communities from harmful exposures.


Health policy and management

Health policy and management involves the strategic planning, organization, and administration of health systems and services. Professionals in this field navigate the complexities of healthcare, ensuring efficient resource allocation, policy development, and the delivery of quality healthcare services. Their efforts revolve around creating equitable health policies, managing healthcare facilities, and optimizing systems to enhance the accessibility and affordability of healthcare services.


Social and behavioral sciences

Social and behavioral sciences examine the impact of social, cultural, psychological, and behavioral factors on health outcomes. By understanding human behavior, attitudes, and beliefs, experts can develop interventions to promote healthier lifestyles, encourage preventive measures, and address societal determinants affecting health. Initiatives such as health education campaigns, behavioral interventions, and community engagement programs stem from this area of public health.


Occupational health

Occupational health ensures workers' health, safety, and well-being in various industries. Professionals in this field identify workplace hazards, assess risks, and implement measures to prevent work-related injuries and illnesses. They advocate for safe working conditions, conduct health screenings, and guide employers and employees to create healthier work environments.


RelatedHIPAA Compliant Email: The Definitive Guide

Subscribe to Paubox Weekly

Every Friday we'll bring you the most important news from Paubox. Our aim is to make you smarter, faster.