HIPAA (the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996) is U.S. legislation created to improve healthcare standards. Covered entities (CEs) and their business associates (BAs) must be HIPAA compliant to protect the rights and privacy of patients and their protected health information (PHI). We know the HIPAA industry is vast and that it is important to properly advertise your organization while remaining HIPAA compliant. This is especially true with the recent digital transformation in healthcare and the current need to function more remotely.
Today, we will determine if retargeting ads are HIPAA compliant or not.
What are retargeting ads?
Retargeting, also known as remarketing, uses bits of code (or pixels) and cookies to target, attract, and reach customers. The idea is to engage with potential customers that have somehow come across your brand and need a reminder.
RELATED: Is Facebook Pixel HIPAA Compliant?
- Search engine use (search retargeting)
- Web site visits (site retargeting)
- Prior search terms (SEM/SEO retargeting)
- Actions taken from an email (email retargeting)
- Pixel exchange between two highly relevant sites (contextual retargeting)
- Type of action taken by a user (engagement retargeting)
The Digital 2020 July Global Statshot report states that more than half of the world uses social media. That’s about 3.96 billion people. Moreover, 81% of internet users aged 16 to 34 searched online for a product or service. So obviously retargeting ads have the potential of being profitable and effective. Businesses, including in the healthcare industry, see retargeting as a possible communication tool.
Retargeting ads and HIPAA marketing
A HIPAA Privacy Rule guideline addresses marketing by giving “individuals important controls over whether and how their [PHI] is used and disclosed for marketing purposes.” In most cases, a CE must have a patient’s authorization before marketing to them. Keep in mind that there is a distinction between the types of communication that HIPAA considers marketing and when this permission is necessary. RELATED: HIPAA Definition of Marketing Explained Online marketing and advertising are allowed and encouraged under HIPAA, especially because health consumers do search and research CEs electronically. But how to advertise in a HIPAA compliant manner depends on the information included and whether or not prior authorization is required; prior authorization may be obtainable from patients but not from potential patients searching the Internet.
Say someone searches about a health condition and walks away from the computer. Then, someone else sits down and opens the same browser, same search engine, and sees an ad about the previous search. The first person inadvertently has had PHI exposed, and the CE has violated HIPAA.
Is retargeting HIPAA compliant?Unfortunately, retargeting is not HIPAA compliant. This is because retargeting ads include pixels and cookies that log searches and/or clicks and also because of potential PHI exposure. This is why some companies, such as Google, limit the use of retargeting for CEs. Keep in mind however that this does not necessarily make Google HIPAA compliant. If a CE wants to effectively advertise online, it must answer the following questions:
- Will the advertiser (as a BA) sign a business associate agreement (BAA)?
- If yes, how does the company use/disseminate data?
- Does the company use retargeting, and does it limit its use for CEs?
And no matter what the answer, is it worth the risk and possible HIPAA violation?
Paubox Marketing—a sound alternative
While there are many ways that CEs can market to patients or potential patients, one of the best methods today is healthcare email marketing using HIPAA compliant email. Paubox Marketing allows recipients to view marketing emails like regular emails but with strong encryption and email security at all times.
Paubox will not only sign a BAA but will also work tirelessly to keep you and your patients safe. No extra steps for the sender or the receiver and no worry about leaked PHI. Use HIPAA compliant email marketing not only to create personalized marketing campaigns but also to maintain PHI security.